Thanks are also due Ken Foote, for his overview of acoustic techniques, acoustic terminology and fisheries acoustics. Charles Greenlaw described the history and state of the art in acoustic assessment of mesopelagic animals. Doug Sameoto provided an update on the acoustic sampling of euphausiids and some interesting comments on comparison of acoustic and net sampling technologies. Van Holliday described techniques for assessing the abundance and distribution of small zooplankton. Alex Herman provided an overview of optical techniques including an excellent description of the optical particle counter. Gus Paffenhöfer contributed additional information on optical techniques with a recording of the swimming and feeding behavior of small zooplankton.
We also appreciate the invaluable participation of our colleagues who came from Canada (Doug Sameoto, Alex Herman, Yvan Simard and Len Zedel), Norway (Ken Foote) and Scotland (John Simmonds).
Lew Incze, Gordie Swartzman and Mark Ohman served as rapporteurs for the working groups and assisted the working group chairmen in the preparation of this report. We would also like to thank Chuck Greene for leading the panel discussion with Steve Brandt and Rudi Strickler on educational opportunities.
We also would like to acknowledge the assistance of Beth Irlandi (University of North Carolina) in the final editing process.
Finally, thanks to Tim Stanton, Marv Grosslein and Mark Berman for arranging the logistics of the meeting.
Travel for this meeting was provided by the National Science Foundation, Division of Ocean Sciences, Biological Oceanography (Phil Taylor) through Grant OCE9O-06957 to JOI Inc. We would like to thank the JOI staff for their efforts in making travel arrangements and in the publication of this report.